Thursday, May 28, 2009

Sherman's Girlfriend(s)

Perhaps the largest tragedy in Georgia history was the infamous March to the Sea during the War Between the States. Union General William Tecumseh Sherman became quite famous for this march, which left a good portion of the state in shambles. The march began after the Atlanta Campaign ended with the Battle of Jonesboro. Sherman marched his army through Georgia and led them to the sea, taking the city of Savannah without firing a shot in the process. Savannah can be enjoyed today partially because the city was saved from the wrath of the man many called "The Butcher." Other Georgia cities were spared including Madison and Milledgeville. There are a number of rumors that abound about why some of the places along the march were not devastated. One of the most common rumors is that Sherman had a mistress in those places. I have always found that hard to believe. There is, however, a story of a young woman who did make Sherman's acquaintance some years before the War Between the States. This story may very well be the basis of some of those "mistress" legends.

The story centers around Cecelia Stovall, a beautiful young girl whose father was a wealthy cotton merchant in Augusta. Cecelia visited West Point Military Academy in 1836 to see her brother, Marcellus A. Stovall, Sherman's roommate. At a dance held on that visit, Sherman made her acquaintance. It is said that she told the young Sherman upon his advances that "Your eyes are so cold and cruel. I pity the man who ever becomes your foe. Ah, how you would crush an enemy." To this, Sherman replied, "Even though you were my enemy, my dear, I would ever love and protect you." Years later, Cecelia married Charles T. Shelman of what was once Cass County, now Bartow County. Charles built Cecelia a beautiful white house on a hill above the Etowah River. That is where the two lived when the War Between the States began in 1861.

As fate would have it, General Sherman came to the mansion on his way through the area in 1864. His attention was brought to the fine stately home high above the Etowah River. When he arrived there, he found that the family had left, and they had placed the home and its grounds in the care of an African American servant. The man exclaimed that he was glad Miss Cecelia was not there to see the sight of her lovely home being swarmed by Yankee soldiers. Upon further examination, General Sherman learned that the Cecelia of which the older man spoke was indeed his former interest, Cecelia Stovall, now Cecelia Shelman. After hearing this, Sherman ordered everything that had been taken from the home put back and that guards were to be placed at the house until his entire army had passed to avoid looting. He also left a message, which, at least until the early 1950s, was still in the family records of the Stovalls. The message read: "You once said that I would crush an enemy and you pitied my foe. Do you recall my reply? Although many years have passed, my answer is the same. 'I would ever shield and protect you.' That I have done. Forgive all else. I am only a soldier." As he handed the note to the elderly African American servant, he told him "Say to your mistress for me that she might have remained in her home in safety; that she and her property would have been protected. Hand her this when you see her."

As it turns out, Cecelia's husband, Charles, was a captain in the Confederate Army and that Cecelia had left the mansion to escape the invading army. Charles Shelman returned to the mansion after the war, as did Cecelia. He lived there until his death in 1886 and she until hers in 1904. They both were aware that they had once been absent when perhaps their most famous visitor paid a call.

This is a true story, although there may be some parts of it that were changed in the telling. However, the note that General Sherman left for Cecelia is still in the family records of the Stovall and Shelman families. Also, this story is recounted in the History of Bartow County, as well as Medora Field Perkerson's White Columns in Georgia. The note is authentic from what I have been told by local and Georgia historians. What I do wonder is if this story, while true, may have spawned the many unsubstantiated claims that Sherman did not burn other towns on the March to the Sea because he had a mistress there. It must be noted that Mrs. Cecelia Shelman was NOT his mistress, only a former love interest that never materialized. But can the many rumors and claims of Sherman's girlfriends in places like Madison, Milledgeville, Macon, and Savannah be spawned by this true story??? Perhaps.


Caprice said...

Hi Prof!
Thanks for the interesting story!
I had not heard that. It sounds like (even though he was a Yankee) Sherman had some character.
I did hear last week that Sherman did stay in what is now Scarlet's Retreat. I cannot believe that is NOT mentioned during the Haunted History Tour! Can you?

The Professor said...

Well, you might need to wait before you do mention it. I am not sure, but I don't know if that is accurate or not. I am still trying to find out more about Sherman's march through McDonough. According to Noah Andre Tredeau in his book Southern Storm, General O.O. Howard arrived in McDonough and was with the troops who came through here. I am still trying to pinpoint Sherman's personal trek. I would hold off before I mentioned it on the tour.

scooter said...

Nice story prof!

Hey Caprice!

I left you a question on the Green Manor section. :)

Since I have ancestors who fought in the War Between the States, I have no comment on the legendary General Sherman. :)

The Professor said...

I understand, Scooter. He was quite the divisive character. To follow up on him in McDonough, he was never here. He was with his left wing, and General Howard accompanied the right wing. I did not think he had come through here at all when the idea about Scarlett's Retreat came up, but I wanted to be sure. But unfortunately, or fortunately depending on how you feel, Sherman was never in McDonough.

Caprice said...

I stand corrected...
I am never so foolish as to argue History with The Prof!
Thanks for setting me straight!

... Alright Scooter, I'm heading over to Green Manor...

Anonymous said...

I would love to converse fully with regard to this story. I've so much to add. I should offer my opinion up front however: A repartee made under the particular circumstances for which it was made at West Point, years ago, was sufficient to hold the honor of William T without there being a romantic feeling attached. Likewise, there was no further contact made those many years in any polarity of direction (Cecilia to WT or WT to Cecilia). It is a story, however, that took hold and did seem to capture the imagination of the Children at Etowah Heights. Shelman's there benefitted mightily! Pleasant named a child after WT's child. All seem honorable and above board to me without having to put a "romantic" spin on it. Yet, a sorrow for times gone past seems appropriate.
I guess I just never saw the reality of a romance.... Only the honorable promise given and remembered by a General that was stuck doing the dirty work of war.

Unknown said...

Sherman was certainly lacking good character when he sent 1500 women and children up north charged with treason for working in a Roswell Ga textile mill. No threat whatsoever to anybody. They were helpless with no men left in the town as they were off fighting in the war. The husbands returned home to missing families and no ideas of where or how to find them. Many of these poor women and children died of exposure and or starvation, all were put out on the cold streets of Ohio, Illinois or Indiana and all but two never found their way back home. Many survivors had to turn to prostitution. Even other Yankees pleaded with Sherman to correct this, to no avail. What is worse, many of the young girls were raped along the route by northern soldiers. Sherman was a POS and he committed one of the worst war crimes in American history and never paid a day in his life for his misdeeds. I hope his punishment came swiftly upon his exit from this world.